Rainforests are one of the most diverse and complex ecosystems on Earth. Some of their key features include:
1 – High annual rainfall: Rainforests receive more than 2,000 millimeters of rainfall each year, which helps to create a humid environment that supports a diverse range of plant and animal life.
2 – High biodiversity: Rainforests are home to a vast array of plant and animal species, many of which are found nowhere else on Earth. It is estimated that rainforests contain around half of the world’s species.
3 – Dense vegetation: The vegetation in rainforests is characterized by tall trees that form a dense canopy, with smaller trees, vines, and epiphytes growing beneath.
4 – Rapid nutrient cycling: Rainforests have a high rate of nutrient cycling, with organic matter decomposing quickly and being taken up by plants. This helps to support the high productivity and diversity of the ecosystem.
5 – Threats from human activities: Rainforests are under threat from human activities such as deforestation, mining, and agriculture. These activities can lead to habitat destruction and loss of biodiversity.