About the Concept of Singularity – What is Singularity Actually? – Ali Aksoy

The concept of singularity is reflected in our language as a translation of the concept of “Singularity”. For a mind that thinks in Turkish, it is not easy to grasp and understand the concept of “singularity” at first hearing.

The concept of singularity is actually used to express a place and a time when the available formulas, observation tools and abilities are useless. Its most famous use is pre-big bang, big bang moment and black holes. Indeed, with our current knowledge and technology, we cannot grasp what is going on inside a black hole.

What made the concept of singularity famous is not black holes or the big bang moment. The concept of Singularity, or “Singularity”, gained its real popularity after it was used about events that could happen after artificial intelligence exceeded human capacity. In other words, one day in the future, when artificial intelligence and super robots came to a point above all the knowledge and abilities of humanity, the period in which what would happen from that moment on was called “singularity”.

With this definition, it is explained that what will happen after that moment cannot be predicted with our current knowledge and technology, and that stage is an “event horizon” for us. That’s a blue screen error for people after that horizon…

I personally do not see the concept of “singularity” as a sufficient and correct concept for this situation. However, now that this concept has become widespread enough, I will use this concept again to explain my purpose.

So what is my proposed concept? I think the concept of singularity ultimately simply describes a technological inadequacy. Well; As the scientist, experience, technology advances, the event horizon advances and what was previously seen as unknowable becomes knowable.

The emergence of an artificial intelligence with a strength and quality that cannot be compared with human intelligence, I think, is a concept related to “divinity”, as some science fiction writers have pointed out. In other words, the concept that people should use at that stage should have more mystical and ancient elements. What we will encounter at that stage may possibly be a transcendent character, individual or a “thing”.

I think there is a gap between this “being transcendent”, “being divine” and the concept of singularity. Because what is transcendent is something that is not actually the same dimension as you, that you cannot grasp even if you wanted to. It is not something that can be achieved by working hard, developing a lot, eating forty ovens of bread.

You may find what I mentioned in your first reading a bit utopian. So let me expand on this a little more.

Suppose we are comparing the conscious capacities of an ant with a human. You can say that there are x number of neurons in the ant’s brain, and that there are hundreds of millions of neurons in the human brain. This is the singularity. It is not transcendence. Because in this example, the number of neurons in the ant’s brain and the number of neurons in the human brain are compared roughly as if they were the same things, the same structures. In this case, reinforcement to the side with fewer neurons will increase the strength of that side.

However, the comparison of the conscious capacity of the human with the conscious capacity of the ant cannot be done by counting the neurons in the brain. Because the real power in the human brain stems from the existence of neuron clusters with different functions and the brain layers formed with these clusters, rather than the number of neurons.

Neocortex was invented, the balance is broken!

The function of the neocortex in the human brain cannot be substituted by increasing the number of neurons in the ant brain. If you put the ten hundred million trillion neuron cells together, they would be helpless in terms of function. As a result, an ant will never be able to grasp the human and what it knows, no matter how much you help it. According to the ant, human is a “transcendent” being. There is a size difference between them. There is an impossibility close to the impossibility for a hypothetical being living in a two-dimensional space to grasp the third dimension. Here is the difference; It cannot be explained by the concepts of singularity and singularity. This situation expresses a transcendental state beyond the singularity.

Therefore, when I look at the possible and extreme possibilities of possible artificial intelligence scenarios for the future, I see transcendence, not singularity. So, in terms of transcendence, it doesn’t matter how many hundred billion times the processing or memory capacity of the human brain can be accessed by artificial intelligence. This view is like roughly counting and comparing neurons between the same ant and a human. If, in the future, artificial intelligence reaches X times the processing and memory capacity of the human brain, it is singularity, not transcendence.

However, the issue is not that simple!

In the example of man and the ant, it was function and quality, not number, that made the leap from singularity to transcendence. Here, in such a time period in which artificial intelligence scenarios are expressed, if the beings that can/may emerge have a higher consciousness in terms of function and quality, not in terms of number, this situation is no longer a singularity but a transcendence. If this happens, woe to humanity! Because this time, a human will replace the ant, and he will be faced with a “freak” that he cannot comprehend, no matter what he does or does.

So, is it possible for such a transcendent freak to appear?

Also, how is it possible!

Let’s start here. What makes us consciously transcendent to the ant is basically the neocortex. Scientists are studying how the neocortex evolved. Let’s suppose that in the future, a super-intelligent machine and maybe people collaborating with it have solved the secret of this success of evolution, and not contented with it, they are doing an ‘artificial evolution’ study that seeks beyond. We’re looking at the set of possibilities. We cannot say that if something is possible, it will never happen, it cannot happen. Since this leap of consciousness in the universe, on earth, in the human example, occurred once (and probably continues) in the course of evolution, it is also possible for it to happen again and again at higher levels.

We make the mistake of forgetting that humans and other living things are magnificent biological-machines. We don’t like the fact that we are complex biological robots with DNA software. From here, we see transcendental machines/entities as a distant possibility. However, monstrosities may well exist, which are a mix of synthetic, metallic, and biological (made of something else we don’t know now) elements with abilities on the neocortex.

The “awareness” that separates us from other living things for this being or beings can evolve to a level that we can never be aware of. It can dominate or be active in other physical situations or dimensions beyond the apparent reality, inside, outside, right or left, which we currently divide into simple classes such as subatomic and superatomic. While we debate whether mathematics or physics is a discovery or an invention, he or she may have discovered or invented other disciplines. While we have evolved in a deterministic universe of causes-effects with its visible and experiential structure, and our brains have evolved according to this law, within this law, while we are stuck between causes and effects, he or they are based on the principle of reasonlessness or other principles that we will never know. and develop a motion model. While our eyes or instruments can see the luminous or light-reflecting objects of three-dimensional space, he or she can reach the power to see and affect things that are incompatible with matter. While we are doomed to time, or while we increase our speed and dream of going forward in time one day in the future, he or she can deactivate the time parameter / environment, manipulate time, then maybe we can pretend to be “God” to us humans who wander in time and create themselves, maybe even reveal it! Then we have singularity – not singularity, but a transcendence whose effects we have witnessed long ago.

Maybe what will happen has already happened!

Ali Aksoy – 26 August 2020

If this article has piqued your interest, we strongly recommend you to read the following articles by Ali Aksoy about the age of Singularity:

Devil and delusion in the age of singularity

Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and Singularity for Creativity

God of the End Times in the Age of Singularity

(Translated with google translate)

For the original article, see:

Tekillik (Singularity) Kavramı Hakkında – Aslında Singularity Nedir ? – Ali Aksoy